World’s rarest reptile is very unknown species which we cant found in all places. The word reptile comes from Latin means ‘One who creeps’. Reptiles are air-breathing vertebrates covered by special skin. Their body is made up of scale, bony plates, or with both. They include crocodiles, snakes, lizards, turtles, and tortoises. There are so many reptiles that are very common. However, the world’s rarest reptile which we may not see before. There are over 8,000 kinds of reptiles spilled into four groups. They are,
- Chelonia – turtles, tortoises
- Crocodilia – alligators, caimans, crocodiles, gavials
- Rhynchocephalia – tuatara
- Squamata – amphisbaenians, lizards, snakes
- They are inhabitants of terrestrial and aquatic.
- Their skin is dry, cornified. Usually covered by epidermal scales.
- A single external nasal opening is present on the snout.
- Two pairs of pentadactyle limbs are present.
- The cloacal opening is either transverse or longitudinal.
- A post-anal tail is present.
- The heart is composed of two articles.
Reptile reproduction also depends on temperature. Only boas and pythons give birth to live young. The other species lay their eggs in a simple nest and leave. Young reptiles can glide, walk, and swim within hours of birth. There are even some rare reptiles in the world which are an endangered list. Let’s take a look at some top 10 rarest reptiles in the world.
6. MADAGASCAR BIG-HEADED TURTLE
Scientific Name: Erymnochelys madagascariensis
BIG HEADED TURTLE
Higher classification: Erymnochelys
DESCRIPTION: The Madagascar big-headed turtle is a unique and prehistoric reptile. This species is endemic to lowland waterways and wetland of western Madagascar. Where adults feed upon mollusks and plants and scavenge dead animals. Most turtles are able to retract their head all the way into the shell. But due to the size of the head, it cannot be retracted completely. The tortoise head is hard and dark brown and the neck is long.
SIZE: Length of 17-20 inches(43-50 cm)
BIG HEADED TURTLE
DIET: This turtle eats plants; fruits; flowers; and leaves of plants hanging over the water.
REPRODUCTION: After mating female turtle lays 10-15 leathers, textured elongated eggs.
HABITAT/RANGE: These turtles are found only in the slow-flowing rivers and swamps on the island of Madagascar.
LIFESPAN: 20 years
5. CENTRAL AMERICAN WOOD TURTLE
Scientific name: Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima
CENTRAL AMERICAN WOOD TURTLE
Higher classification: Rhinoclemmys
DESCRIPTION: The Central American Wood Turtle is also known as The Ornate Wood Turtle, it is a popular and common wood turtle within the pet trade. These turtles are particularly brightly colored, and black eyespots along with lovely swirls of yellow and orange. These turtles make wonderful pets as they become tame quickly, and they are intelligent and personable.
SIZE: Length of 8-9 inches
DIET: These turtles eat fruits; vegetables; worms; and crickets.
REPRODUCTION: The female turtles produce two nests a year. Usually, the largest females lay most eggs in a year, and the smallest lay the few eggs.
HABITAT/RANGE: This turtle is situated between 10-13 degrees N.L. It is a low-lying area(0-1000 m) with annually 1500 mm rainfall, this is dry for Central America. They range between Sonora, Mexico, and Costa Rica.
LIFESPAN: 20-30 years
4. PIG NOSED TURTLE
Scientific name: Carettochelys insculpta
PIG NOSED TURTLE
Higher classification: Carettochelys
DESCRIPTION: The pig-nosed turtle, also known as the pitted-shelled turtle or Fly river turtle. This strange has a leathery shell, then a shell formed of hard, distinct scutes and has a long, fleshy snout with large nostrils, much like that of a pig. These turtles have strong jaws and short tails.
SIZE: Lenght of 22 inches
PRIMARY DIET: Carnivore; Herbivore; Omnivore
ANIMAL FOODS: Insects, Mollusks; Aquatic crustaceans
PLANT FOODS: Leaves; Fruit; Flowers
REPRODUCTION: Pig-nosed turtles breed during the dry season, which falls between July and October. These turtles lay two clutches of egg, every other year.
HABITAT/RANGE: Pig-nosed turtle inhabits freshwater and estuarine bodies of water. They are normally found on beaches, lakes, ponds, rivers, brackish water, and thermal springs. Female pig-nosed turtle prefers flat rock micro-habitats whereas a male turtle prefers isolated log micro-habitats.
LIFESPAN: 38.4(high); whereas female turtle 17.3 years
3. MADAGASCAR BLIND SNAKE
Scientific name: Xenotyphlops mocquardi
MADAGASCAR BLIND SNAKE
DESCRIPTION: The critically endangered Madagascar blind snake is a tiny, worm-like snake unlike any other. The Madagascar blind snake has lost the use of its eyes and uses its bulldozer-like head to burrow through the sandy soil. This unique blind snake is the only species in this family Xenotyphlopidae.
SIZE: 30 cm
DIET: Blind snake is carnivores. They feed on Larvae, eggs, and pupae of ants and termites.
REPRODUCTION: This species is parthenogenetic and all specimens collected so far have been female. They lay eggs or may bear live young up to eight offspring.
HABITAT/RANGE: The Madagascar blind snake inhabits the sandy soil of forested or shrubby dunes along the coast.
LIFESPAN: Varies depending on species.
2. GREEN TURTLE
Scientific name: Chelonia mydas
DESCRIPTION: They are easily distinguished from other sea turtles because they have a single pair of prefrontal scales. This turtlehead is small and blunt with the serrated jaw. The carapace is bony without ridges and has large, non-overlapping, scutes present with only 4 lateral scutes. The plastron varies from white, dirty white, or yellowish to dark grey-bluish-green radiating stripes. Hatchlings are dark-brown or nearly black with white underneath and white flipper margins.
SIZE: Adults are 3 to 4 feet in carapace length (83-114 cm),
DIET: They mostly eat seagrass and algae, their jaws are finely serrated which aids them in tearing vegetation
REPRODUCTION: Green turtle sexually mature at 25 to 35 years, and some as old as 40 before they reproduce. Female green sea turtles lay about 100 eggs per nest and will nest every two weeks over several months before leaving the nesting area.
HABITAT/RANGE: Green turtles prefer freshwater, sea turtles live exclusively in the ocean. They only live in saltwater habitats, that are relatively shallow and warm. They particularly live along coastlines and feeds on seagrasses that grow in the shallow water.
LIFESPAN: Unknown, but estimated to be 60 more years or more.
1. MINUTE LEAF CHAMELEON
Scientific name: Brookesia minima
MINUTE LEAF CHAMELEON
Higher classification: Brookesia
DESCRIPTION: The minute leaf chameleon is one of the smallest reptiles in the world. The cylindrical body is camouflaged in shades of green, brown, and grey, with a lichen-like striped pattern. The tiny head is relatively flat with a short, downwards pointing snout, and a row of small, spiny scales runs along each side of the backbone. Male chameleons are short than females, and they have long tails when compared to female chameleons.
SIZE: 3.5 cm
DIET: They eat pinhead crickets, fruit flies, and many other arthropods. Like other chameleons, they carry very little body fat and require regular feedings.
REPRODUCTION: It is not known how frequently these chameleons reproduce, but a typical clutch contains two eggs.
HABITAT/RANGE: This chameleon is native to the rain forest. They like moving around in the low branches and leaf litter of its native rain forest.
LIFESPAN: 10 Years
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT MINUTE LEAF CHAMELEON
- Chameleon Feet work like Salad Tongs.
- Almost half of all known species live in Madagascar.
- Unlike many lizards, chameleons can’t regrow their tails.
- Their eyes can swivel around in two different directions.
- Smaller Chameleons have a faster tongue.
- Chameleons got a distinctive “JERKY WALK”.